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中国农村儿童发展和政策促进(英文版)
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Since the onset of the economic reforms, China’s rapid economic development has helped it significantly to lower the poverty incidence rate. China’s achievements in povertyreduction are highly valued worldwide. The number of people living in poverty has decreased drastically, while the Chinese government is also paying much attention to the protection and development of children in poverty-stricken areas. A series of policies and regulations have been issued to guarantee children’s right to life, development, protection and participation.





The state’s policy and legal system for the protection and development of children has gradually been established. Resulting from the efforts of the Chinese government and civil society, rural children are guaranteed with basic living standard, education and medical care amongst others. The experiences obtained in the course of this policy-making process aimed at advancing child protection and development are valuable to other countries, especially developing ones.





As the population of vulnerable children in China is big, while a lot of progress has been made, much work remains to be done to continue to solve multiple challenges. Particularly, structural development factors such as the long existing dualistic urban-rural structure continue to pose an obstacle to upholding the guarantee of rural children’s rights and development. The existence of problems with the establishing a basic standard of life for children in poverty-stricken rural areas, safety of left-behind children, equal education for migrant children, basic living standard for the disabled and Five-Guarantee children in addition to the negative impacts of intergenerational transmission of poverty not only constrains China in realizing its poverty-reduction objectives, but also affects the realization of Chinese longterm poverty alleviation goals.





Recently, China has entered a new era of poverty-reduction. At the end of 2013, the central government launched an important programmatic document for poverty alleviation, “Opinions on Innovative Mechanisms to Effectively promote Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development Work”. It establishes a “precise mechanism for poverty alleviation”,which is one of “six major reforms” of China’s poverty-reduction strategy1. The classification and identification of poverty targets and the establishment of pertinent, targeted poverty-reduction policies and mechanisms pose a major challenge to the Chinese government in this new stage. In March 2014, the Prime Minister, LI Keqiang made a solemn commitment in the Government Work Report: in 2014, the government would further work on reducing population in poverty by more than 10 million. The government would keep fighting against poverty and would never let it be passed down from generation to generation.





As vulnerable groups, children in rural poverty-stricken areas should receive a lot of attention from government and society to ensure the upholding of the guarantee of their rights.Moreover, interaction with the international society on child safeguard policies and detailed implementation could also enhance the work on children’s development in China greatly.


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